Diabetes is a chronic condition associated with blood sugar (glucose) concentrations that are abnormally high. Pancreatic insulin reduces blood sugar. The lack or inadequate insulin manufacturing, or the body’s failure to use insulin correctly, triggers diabetes.
Symptoms and Common warnings signs of diabetes :
- Very thirsty
- Increased hunger
- Dry mouth.
- Frequent urination
- Unexplained weight loss
- Blurred vision.
Types of diabetes
type 1 diabetes –where the body’s immune system being attacked and destroys the cells that produce insulin
type 2 diabetes – where the body does not produce enough insulin.
Many people have above-normal blood sugar concentrations, but not high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes. Sometimes this is referred to as pre-diabetes. If your blood sugar level is above the normal range, there is an enhanced danger of developing full-blown diabetes.
What are the causes of diabetes?
A hormone called insulin that is generated by the pancreas (a gland behind the stomach) controls the quantity of sugar in the blood. When food is digested and enters your bloodstream, insulin moves glucose from the blood and into cells where it is broken down to generate power.
However, if you have diabetes, your body can not break down glucose into energy. This is because there is either not enough insulin to move the glucose, or the insulin generated does not operate correctly. There are no lifestyle changes you can make to reduce your risk of type 1 diabetes.
Through healthy eating, periodic workout, and a healthy body weight, you can assist handle type 2 diabetes.